jewelry and metal hallmarks and symbols


Purchasing antique gold jewelry can be a challenge. It’s hard to know how old the piece is, what style it is, or what kind of gold went into making the piece? Hallmarks are the signposts on your journey of discovery, but there are lots of side roads you will travel in learning about the marks and their meanings. Hallmarks are used to identify the purity of metals, particularly gold and silver. The marks are stamped into the metal and can tell you both about the metal’s purity and the history of the piece: where it was made, what year, and the manufacturer. Hallmarks were used to assure the buyer the piece had a certain quality of metal, and to identify who made the jewelry and where. The marks have been used for thousands of years. According to a legend , King Hiero II was concerned that a gold wreath crown he had purchased was not made of the highest quality gold. In fact, he believed it had been mixed with silver.

The Jewellery Muse

Or you found some nice vintage jewelry at a yard or garage sale or at the thrift shop. Whether you plan to keep the jewelry as a family heirloom or would like to resell it, a knowledge of vintage jewelry marks will help you to identify and date it properly. Purity marks for older silver pieces can differ from those commonly seen today.

Select Download Format Chester Gold Hallmarks Date Letters Chester Date Letter Chart Online Encyclopedia of Silver Marks Hallmarks Makers Marks What.

See also the definitions page in this guide for additional information on hallmark components. Note at centre of the image at right the four elements of the hallmark. Detailed image of hallmark far right. Locate the assay office. If your item does not have one of the standard fineness marks, either traditional or numerical, then it is probably silver plate or is from another county. Go no further. The date letter shows the year that assaying was carried out.

The date letter example above represents Prior to the date letter varied for every office.

Georgian Jewellery

Tags: antique jewellery , Antique Jewelry , British Hallmarks , dating hallmarked jewelry , English 18th c. Did you recently purchase your first piece of English antique jewelry? Would you like to know what the marks stamped on your jewelry mean?

Dating English Hallmarks on Silver and Gold. Hallmarks are small markings stamped on gold, silver and platinum articles. A British Hallmark means that the.

ABOVE: types of jewelers loupes. It will need a bit of practice to get the image clear, and may mean twisting your arms and head to get the magnified vision clear enough to see. Good lighting is a must too. Once you can see your hallmarks, try and work out what they look like. This is the part that takes a lot practice, and can be done in a variety of ways. My advise would to be to firstly figure out the Assay Office stamp.


The date letter and the traditional fineness marks are no longer compulsory components of the hallmark. However, we believe that the date letter is a very important component of the hallmark, as it is the easiest way to date an item and research has shown that most of our customers still want to see the traditional fineness mark on the hallmark. Unlike some of the other UK assay offices, we do not charge any extra to apply the two non-compulsory marks. Those only wanting the compulsory marks applied should indicate this on the hallnote.

Okay, hallmark and values, and silver marks shown below is to the hallmark in books available, gold, fourth, symbols, the step guide to date of. Antique clock.

Have you ever picked up a ring or pendant in an antique shop and wished you knew a bit more about it? With a little prior knowledge, anyone can date and locate their piece of jewellery using hallmarks. Gold, silver, and platinum are the most popular precious metals used in jewellery. In the UK, silver hallmarks are very common, and these stamps on the reverse side of the jewellery have been used for the last years at least.

These hallmarks help to distinguish the level of purity in the metal, regulating the price of jewellery and other items made from precious metals. This makes the piece of jewellery completely traceable, as no two marks are the same. The metal and purity mark indicates the content of precious metal in the jewellery.


Since the date letter has become optional but the other three symbols remain compulsory. The symbols give the following information:. This is the unique mark of the company or person responsible for sending the article for hallmarking. The sponsor may be the manufacturer, importer, wholesaler, retailer or an individual.

(If the metal was gold their country mark would be a profile of the Larus Gull, a stork like shape.) On the right is the date hallmark representing the year the item​.

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UK Hallmarks

Average Rating. Click here to add your own comments. Return to Finnish Ring – need help with the last hallmark Id. Return to Hallmark Help. Rating Dating a Finnish Chalcedony Gold Ring by: Jeanne Thanks for everyone’s help in trying to determing the age of the ring – I’ve attached different photo of the last hallmark which may determine the age.

Hallmarking gold jewellery was Europe’s earliest form of consumer protection, dating back to King Louis IX of France and Edward I of England in.

Images of the respective SABS certification Hallmarks in use between – , , and from onwards. An example of the Gothic on top and Roman lettering, below, used to denote the year in which precious metals were made in South Africa. Photo: Ms C. Meyer, Ditsong Museum, Pretoria, A long overdue first step in proper hallmarking practice. Photo: F. Some of the founder members of the Goldsmiths Guild of South Africa. Outline of a unicorn.


Share best practices, tips, and insights. Meet other eBay community members who share your passions. So, my confusion comes in on this front. It has the London assay mark in a oval stamp. It has the fancy letter lowercase k in an oval stamp. Needless to say – I am so confused.

Before that date gold cases were usually stamped with their carat fineness by the case maker, and silver was.

A hallmark is an official mark or series of marks struck on items made of metal , mostly to certify the content of noble metals —such as platinum , gold , silver and in some nations, palladium. In a more general sense, the term hallmark can also be used to refer to any distinguishing characteristic. Historically, hallmarks were applied by a trusted party: the “guardians of the craft ” or, more recently, by an assay office.

Hallmarks are a guarantee of certain purity or fineness of the metal, as determined by official metal assay testing. Hallmarks are often confused with “trademarks” or “maker’s marks”. A hallmark is not the mark of a manufacturer to distinguish his products from other manufacturers’ products: that is the function of trademarks or makers’ marks. To be a true hallmark, it must be the guarantee of an independent body or authority that the contents are as marked. Thus, a stamp of “” by itself is not, strictly speaking, a hallmark, but is rather an unattested fineness mark.

Many nations require, as a prerequisite to official hallmarking, that the maker or sponsor itself marks upon the item a responsibility mark and a claim of fineness. Responsibility marks are also required in the US if metal fineness is claimed, even though there is no official hallmarking scheme there. Nevertheless, in nations with an official hallmarking scheme, the hallmark is only applied after the item has been assayed to determine that its purity conforms not only to the standards set down by the law but also with the maker’s claims as to metal content.

In England, the year of marking commences on 19 May, the feast day of Saint Dunstan , patron saint of gold- and silversmiths.

Antique Gold Markings

King Hiero II of Syracuse gave Archimedes the assignment to investigate the purity of a newly commissioned golden wreath, believing silver was added to the gold content. Although the technicalities in this legendary story are most likely based on myth, it does give an early account of fraud with precious metals. The German Crown in a Sun Hallmark.

London Hallmarks. The London Assay Office is administered by the London Goldsmiths’ Company. It has been in operation since the s when a law of Edward.

These hallmarks were randomly posted on the home page and now archived here. Hallmarks like these and many more can be found listed in Volume I and II of the “World Hallmarks” book series, each available here. Egyptian Silver Hallmark. Egypt has been formally hallmarking precious metals for over a century. Their hallmark methodology is sequential and generally comprised of 3 components aligned as in the example to the left. To better understand each component of this Egyptian hallmark example the following is offered Czechoslovakia Silver Hallmark.

The triangular shape of this hallmark is unique and identifiable for the region. For more information on this hallmark, consult page 70 of World Hallmarks – Vol. I – Europe. The eagle’s head hallmark is commonly seen on French made items of gold since These two together indicate that both metals are present in the piece. The order and orientation of the two hallmarks can provide more specifics on the ratios of the different metals that make up the item, as well.

Consult page of World Hallmarks – Vol.

Archived Hallmark Examples

Curious as to how we determine the dates on many of our pieces? We are fortunate enough to have obtained a handful of old catalogs and internal documents pertaining to the hallmarksused by the Georg Jensen Silversmithy. The different hallmarks have been used during different period of time, and combined with our knowledge of silver content and the years of which the designers were active all combines to help us determine the age of an item.

A Hallmark consists of three COMPULSORY MARKS: the Sponsor’s mark, the Standard mark and the Assay Office mark. The date letter has become optional since.

Want to learn more about the origins of gold and silver hallmarks? The origins of jewellery hallmarking can be traced as far back as A. D when the first standards of gold and silver quality were officially laid down. However, the true beginning of hallmarking as we know it today dates from A. It was at this very early stage that the standard of acceptable fineness for silver was set at Today, jewellery hallmarking, alongside all hallmarking is governed by the Hallmarking Act of This 39 page document outlines the current British legislation covering all items made from precious metal.

UK hallmarking regulations are some of the strictest in the world, and we are one of only a few countries that have compulsory statutory hallmarking. The only exceptions to these rules are items which fall below a certain weight, and they can be sold unmarked. The weight thresholds are as follows:. Anatomy of a Hallmark image source: Birmingham Assay Office. The regulations regarding the number of hallmarks applied to each piece of jewellery have also been subject to much change over the decades.

Instead, these are now optional and can be requested for larger items where space is not limited and the hallmark can enjoy a prime position. The jewellery marketplace has become flooded with many imported goods from overseas, ready for hallmark jewellers to hallmark gold, create sterling silver hallmarks and put their own stamp on their jewellery.

Identifying markings on gold jewelry

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